Seed Programs International

Copan Department, Honduras is a mountainous region famous for its pre-Colombian archaeological site and beautiful landscapes. But in late 2015, the government of Copan declared a famine emergency as ongoing drought led to widespread loss of three most important crops for income and nutrition: corn, beans, and coffee. In this context, fresh vegetables grown in gardens at home (where scarce water is carried anyway) provide essential nutrition and income. This is the site of one of SPI’s most remarkable partnerships—remarkable in terms of how many hands, hearts, and wallets contribute to its success.

Terraced garden beds - Photo courtesy of Mennonite Social Action Committee, HondurasIt Takes a Team

Here’s the amazing story of how SPI seeds reach families in Copan:

  • Dozens of people, businesses, and Rotary clubs in western North Carolina contribute to the Rotarians Against Hunger (RAH) program. RAH packs meals for local food banks AND sends seeds to Rotary-linked projects worldwide.
  • The Rotary Club of Copan Ruinas, Honduras applies to receive seeds from the RAH program. They work with local charities like Mennonite Social Action Committee to design a training plan and choose seeds that are appropriate to local gardeners’ culture and purposes.
  • Members of the Rotary Club of Asheville carry the seeds to Copan on their annual trip that also includes dental and eye care clinics.
  • Mennonite Social Action Committee distributes the seeds, along with training, to those most motivated families in the region.

The Harvest

Don Secundino is a grower who likes to share his deep knowledge of gardening with other families - Photo courtesy of Mennonite Social Action Committee, Honduras190 families in 15 villages received seeds for vegetables including mustard greens, spinach, carrots, onions, and squash. Training was provided on topics ranging from terracing the steep land, to planting and transplanting technique, to organic fertilizer sources. In the end, our program partners actually counted and weighed the harvest:

  • 30,000 bunches mustard greens
  • 20,000 carrots
  • 6,500 pounds green beans
  • 60,000 cucumbers
  • 6,000 bunches spinach
  • 4,500 bunches onion
  • 30,000 squash
  • 50,000 bunches radish

What a tremendous haul—credit is due to the hard-working gardeners and their trainers for achieving this harvest in a time of drought and general famine.

If you are a Rotarian, or know one, either in the US or abroad, you can have a similar impact. Apply today to get seeds from Rotarians Against Hunger. The 2016 deadline is right around the corner.


Over a year has passed since the Ebola outbreak began in West Africa. After 14 years of civil war and this further, significant disruption to the social and civic infrastructure, Liberia is faced with the task Church Aid Women 001of rebuilding the social services that are crucial for continued survival. Living in the wake of the outbreak poses a unique set of challenges that often cannot be addressed by any one group. Life will never be the same for survivors, and the first steps toward stability include meeting basic needs, like having access to nutritional foods.

Most of us are single parents left with children to support. The Ebola virus out-breaks have increased our problems. Most of the women here are supporting Orphans who parents died from the Ebola virus, we don’t have any skill and are not letter [able to read and write]. — Maima

One of the many problems that surfaces during trauma counseling is the question of basic sustenance or inadequate food for mothers and children. When a person is traumatized, one of the ways to avoid a relapse when under psychosocial treatment is to ensure that their basic needs are met. — Ms. Miatta, Church Aid’s Women’s Empowerment Program Director

Hope Emerging

hope emergingSPI recently coordinated a stakeholder meeting for our gardening program in Liberia, hosted by Christine Norman, Mayor of Bentol City and Executive Director of SPI partner organization REAP. This collaborative gathering is a testament that hope is emerging for the families and communities who continue to struggle with the long-term effects of Ebola.

Bringing together SPI’s Liberia partners and other community-based organizations in Liberia who support small-scale farmers and gardeners, the group collectively assessed their needs, challenges, solutions, and resources in order to maximize the collective efforts and reach of this program. Based on this assessment, working groups were created to develop training programs and recruit trainers, integrate women’s empowerment, and coordinate seed distribution and extension visits.

Just giving women the same access as men to agricultural resources could increase production on women's farms in developing countries by 20 to 30 percent.FAO

In addition to working groups, partners also created action plans to ensure that women are included in the project’s decision-making and governance structures. Courageous woman are taking the lead in disaster relief, and gardens are no exception!

The First Seeds

planting seedasProject partners will initially receive 20,000 seed packets to be distributed among their networks. The program itself will focus on training and supplies, which will begin to address the needs outlined by the project partners and participants:

SPI should extend to other parts of the country and expand partnerships, so as to reach out to ever farmers in most effected communities. — David, Food Bank Liberia

I would like to recommend that SPI conduct more training for farmers in seeds management and productions. — Joseph, Movement For The Promotion Of Primary & Secondary Education

I recommend that there should be additional training for partner to continue building their capacity. — Ansumanah, Restoring Our Children’s Hope

We're planning a follow-up meeting in six months, where we’ll gauge the progress of the project participants and make any course-corrective changes necessary to improve collaboration, inclusion, and reach. As this program develops, we hope to seed a broader conversation that continues encouraging women’s empowerment and sparks collective action by our partner organizations and their recipients.

If you'd like to help us continue this work, consider giving through our GlobalGiving campaigns.

After Ebola, Gardens Help Rebuild LivesWorking with three in-country partners to reach those most isolated by poverty and disease, we are providing more than 25,000 packets of tested, appropriate vegetable seeds, along with support and training.

Seeds and Skills for Women to Grow VegetablesWe join with women's gardening efforts in the most impoverished countries worldwide, including Madagascar, Guatemala, and Liberia. By providing top-quality vegetable seeds and locally-driven support, seed programs give women a path to empowerment, income, and nutrition.


intl womens day 2016International Women’s Day is dedicated to celebrating the social, economic, cultural and political achievements of women. It is also a time to renew focus on improving the status of women worldwide. In celebration of this day, we invite you to join Warren Wilson College and Seed Programs International for a unique and engaging panel comprised of women in leadership positions both locally and globally.


Time and Place:
Monday, March 7, 7:15-9pm
Canon Lounge, Gladfelter Building
Warren Wilson College - 701 Warren Wilson Rd., Swannanoa



Mayor Esther Manheimer - Asheville
Mayor Christine Norman - Bentol, Liberia
Reverend Jasmine Beach-Ferrara - Asheville


For more information:

Professor Siti Kusujiarti, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Naima Abdullahi, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


warren wilson college      sweet blossom      spi logo

Giving, Charity, and Ethics

Giving should be easy. Some would even say it is our moral obligation, as weathly people by global standards, to help those suffering from barbarous, inhumane, inescapable poverty and malnutrition. Peter Singer, in a well-known TED Talk, makes the point that perhaps it is only distance and invisibility that keep us from doing so. To paraphrase: would the $600 iphone in your pocket cause you to hesitate even for a moment to jump in the water and save a child drowning in front of you? Of course not. Yet 3.1 million children die each year from malnutrition, and the action we can take to preserve the life of one of them each year is even simpler.

peter liberiaSinger asks:  “Does it really matter that we're not walking past them in the street? Does it really matter that they're far away? I don't think it does make a morally relevant difference. The fact that they're not right in front of us, the fact, of course, that they're of a different nationality or race, none of that seems morally relevant to me. What is really important is, can we reduce that death toll?”

But I just don’t buy Singer’s implication that we’re just too thoughtless or distracted to give what we can. Humans are pretty smart and can think about many, many things each day. Give us credit! We whose basic needs are taken care of can certainly care about and empathize with people who are far away and intangible. So what’s stopping us? Why is giving so complicated?

The Effectiveness of Charities

Is part of the issue that we’re a little scared about making the wrong giving choices? A major and important trend in the last decade is the rise of concern about the accountability and oversight of charitable organizations. Worried citizens and media are examining everything from nonprofit CEO pay to overall organizational efficiency. I commend this trend. As non-profits, we are owned by nobody and we exist solely in the public interest. We avoid taxation because we are founded to serve a beneficial purpose to the interests of humankind. The public can and should, therefore, ask hard questions of its charitable community.  In running SPI, I post our public tax filings and audited financials on our website each year.

Among ourselves within the nonprofit sector, we ask these same questions, and don’t have easy answers. How much should we be paid? Nonprofits employ many of the same positions as the for-profit world: adminstrators, bookkeepers, program managers, scientists, teachers. Can we attract the most effective personnel with pay that is noncompetitive with the private sector? Can we avoid destructive staff turnover by not providing health insurance, or by skimping on comfortable working conditions by US standards? How will we maintain or grow our service to our mission and our constituents without effective fundraising and communications staff?  

producing seeds 2Especially for those of us doing international work, salary is a complex issue. Take me as an example. I am paid $44,000 per year to lead Seed Programs International.  This may seem low for a grandpa with a college degree and the overblown title “President/CEO.”  Yet this is well higher than the median US wage per person of about $27,000, it is about 14 times the global average household income, and it is about  120 times the median income in Madagascar, one of the countries where our vegetable seeds are put to work to combat malnutrition, as part of a wonderful women’s literacy program. Am I overpaid or underpaid? I just don’t know.  But I do try to remember to give thanks every day for my high standard of living compared with most of the world.

This is what I do know about the nonprofit oversight movement: the now rote question “how much of each donated dollar goes to programs” has led to an accounting shell game that nobody wins.  If I’m writing a nice thank-you note to donors, reviewing a bookkeeping report, or talking with our web designer, the cost of that hour of my time is a big red mark in the bad column of “not for programs.” Yet each of these tasks is essential to our work; without them, we send no seeds and give no training to help people grow food they need.

Misleading Messages

The harm of all of the talk about efficiency is that it can make us forget about effectiveness.  The reality is that the fight against hunger overseas is working.

A recent CNN article warns about “poverty porn,” the practice of seizing donors’ attention by showing them the most shocking possible photos of emaciated famine victims.  Why do charities do this? Yes, there are millions suffering and dying from hunger. But wouldn’t most donors be more inspired by hearing instead about the huge achievements in countering hunger?

Remember first that hunger is defined very differently in the US than it is in developing regions. Here, to measure hunger, we may ask in a survey whether, in the past year, a person ever to make a choice between buying adequate nutritious food, and other expenses.  If the answer is yes, then statistically, that American faced hunger.

Elsewhere, we define hunger as clinically-measurable lack of nutrition, which decades ago we reduced down to less than 1 in 250 Americans. For example, a common measure is childhood “wasting,” which is defined as two standard deviations below normal weight for height. Developing regions saw a 42 percent reduction in the prevalence of this sign of malnutrition between 1990–92 and 2012–14 (UNFAO, 2015).  What a success!

If there’s one take-home message from this ramble, this is it: as a charitable donor, you are in good hands with most choices you can make. International aid has become smarter and more effective. Technology and communications advances have made us more efficient and able to reach the most isolated in the world and those facing war, crisis, and natural disaster.  So don’t be misled by the shock photos or by the Facebook stories about bad apples who misuse donor funds. Giving works.

Supporting Local Change

Grant funders have also smartened up and changed their tune. They now understand that giving works best when it enables sustained local change, rather than perpetuating a treadmill of imported aid. You can copy this approach. When it comes to international programming like ours, instead of asking about overhead, try this question set from New York Times photographer Chester Higgins, Jr. reprinted here as quoted in that same recent CNN article:

  • How much of the money is transferred to local causes?
  • Can the charity/NGO provide an audit?
  • Are locals given [autonomy and authority] to handle their problems with the money raised?
  • Is the charity or NGO building local infrastructure?
  • Are skills being transferred to locals so they have the ability to use your money to do good?
  • Is the programming respectful of the cultural norms and local perspectives in the country it serves?

I love this set of questions, perhaps because it points so directly to many of SPI’s strengths. We’re a very small paid staff, we have little budget for overseas travel, and it’s a struggle to assign resources toward measuring our results as opposed to achieving results in the first place. Those are our weaknesses. What we do have, in abundance, is an amazing international network of strong, hard-working, innovative, impressive local partners.  Our faith and investment in these partnerships is what makes SPI tick. Seeds alone do nothing, but in the hands of local leaders, they are transformative.

I want to share a few photos with you. Usually we post photos and stories of end users of vegetable seeds – the gardeners and smallholder farmers who are working the land to grow food to raise themselves out of malnutrition and poverty. Today, I’ll take you behind the scenes to visit with those local people who are working so hard to deploy our seeds to build local infrastructure, gain skills and capacity, and handle local problems with autonomy and respect for local norms.

We sent 50 seed shipments in 2015, enough to grow more than 1000 tons of vegetables in 30 countries from North Korea to Syria to Ethiopia to Honduras. In every case, amazing, dedicated people helped put those seeds to work. Here are just a few of many.

green coast agriculture project

Kakata, Liberia – Green Coast Agriculture Project:  An agriculture technician selects and gathers SPI vegetable seeds to take out on a day in the field.

Rosmery Ramirez


ASO Ixil Board Members

Chajul, Guatemala  – ASO-Ixil:  Photo 1 – SPI Representative Rosmery Ramirez goes house-to-house to survey families as to their need and interest in vegetable gardening support. Photo 2 – Four ASO-Ixil Board Members pose wearing formal jackets made by  Ixil weavers.


Yorito Honduras FIPAH 

Yorito, Honduras  – FIPAH:  Staff assess the results of bean trials that are result of village-level farmer-led breeding to develop vegetables that grow well at various elevations.


Dondon Haiti AKV 

Dondon,Haiti  – AKV:  Program Director Wedly Deceus (left) with school administrators, school garden teacher, and other visitors, pose in a newly-planted school garden.

This year we sent a (for us) record amount of cash directly into the hands of our trusted partners to cover the cost of seed distribution, training, tools, and administration of their highly effective and efficient programs.  In 2016 and beyond, we know this investment will reap unknowable rewards in terms of increased capacity to use our seeds to help those who need them most. 


Contact Us

Seed Programs International

PO Box 9163
Asheville, NC 28815


Seed Programs Canada (Affiliate)

Registered Charity No. 839858107RR0001
Lombardy, ON

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Seed Programs International (SPI)

Seed Programs InternationalSeed Programs International (SPI) is a non-profit, tax exempt, non-governmental humanitarian organization.

We work thorough other humanitarian organizations, church groups, service clubs and individual donors, to provide quality seed to impoverished communities in developing countries enabling them to grow some of their own food. In addition to seed, SPI provides critical seed expertise and experience operating seed based self help programs.”

SPI is operated by individuals with over 50 years seed industry experience plus over 20 years experience in vegetable research and production. We also have 15 years experience operating programs that have successfully shipped seed to over 70 countries on five continents. SPI has shipped enough seed to plant over 1,000,000 vegetable gardens, providing more than 20 kinds of vegetables that are rich in vitamins and minerals often missing in people’s diets.